United Nations (UN) Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs Rosemary DiCarlo expressed concerns over the future of Iran nuclear deal, saying it is the best way to ensure peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program.
According UN official website, DiCarlo made the remarks regarding the UNSC online session on the implementation of resolution 2231, saying: “Notwithstanding the current challenges to the JCPOA, it remains the best way to ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program.”
“Its full implementation, as well as faithful adherence to resolution 2231, is also fundamental to regional stability,” she added.
“The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, endorsed by resolution 2231, is a significant achievement of multilateral diplomacy and dialogue. It remains crucial to the global nuclear non-proliferation architecture and to regional and international security,” she noted.
Expressing regret over US withdrawal from Iran nuclear deal, she said: “The re-imposition of US national sanctions lifted under the Plan, as well as the decision not to extend waivers for the trade-in oil with Iran and on all remaining JCPOA-originating projects, are contrary to the goals of the JCPOA.”
“These actions have impeded the ability of Iran and other Member States to fully implement the Plan and the resolution,” DiCarlo reiterated.
Earlier on Tuesday, the Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif in a message referred to the UNSC online meeting, saying the international community is facing an important decision.
Meanwhile, the United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres encouraged all countries to have economic collaboration with Iran.
Guterres called on all member states to avoid provocative rhetoric which may adversely affect regional stability.
Pompeo pushes Iran arms embargo at UN, Russia says U.S. knee on Iran’s neck
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo pushed the U.N. Security Council on Tuesday to extend an arms embargo on Iran before it expires in October, prompting Russia to slam Washington’s policy toward Tehran as like “putting a knee” to the country’s neck.
The United States has circulated a draft resolution to the 15-member council that would indefinitely extend the arms embargo on Tehran, but council veto-powers Russia and China have already signaled their opposition to the move.
“Don’t just take it from the United States, listen to countries in the region. From Israel to the Gulf, countries in the Middle East – who are most exposed to Iran’s predations – are speaking with one voice: Extend the arms embargo,” Pompeo told a virtual Security Council meeting.
U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration has long argued that the arms embargo on Iran should not be lifted. The arms embargo is set to end in mid-October under Tehran’s 2015 nuclear deal with Britain, Germany, France, China, Russia and the administration of Trump’s predecessor, Barack Obama.
Since Trump took office in 2017, his administration has quit the nuclear deal and steadily ramped up sanctions on Iran in what Washington describes as a maximum-pressure approach.
Addressing the council, Russia’s U.N. Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia described the policy as “a maximum suffocation policy.”
“The task is to achieve regime change or create a situation where Iran literally wouldn’t be able to breath. This is like putting a knee to one’s neck,” he said in a veiled reference to the death of a Black man in Minneapolis after a white police officer knelt on his neck. The death of George Floyd sparked protests across the United States and around the world.
The Security Council was meeting on Tuesday to discuss a report by U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres that determined that cruise missiles used in several attacks on oil facilities and an international airport in Saudi Arabia last year were of “Iranian origin.”
Saudi Arabia’s U.N. Ambassador Abdullah Al Mouallimi said Russia and China had been “sympathetic” to Riyadh’s situation, but when it came to the proposal to extend the arms embargo on Iran they “presumably had scores to settle with the United States.”
“We’re trying to separate the two issues in our discussions with them, which … are open, are friendly discussions, are based on the good relations that we enjoy with both countries,” he told a news conference later on Tuesday.
If Washington is unsuccessful in extending the arms embargo, it has threatened to trigger at the Security Council a return of all U.N. sanctions on Iran under the nuclear deal, even though it left the accord in 2018. Diplomats say Washington would face a tough, messy battle.
Iran has breached parts of the nuclear deal in response to the U.S. withdrawal and Washington’s reimposition of sanctions.
U.N. political affairs and peacebuilding chief Rosemary DiCarlo said the nuclear deal was crucial to regional and international security, adding: “It is therefore regrettable that the future of this agreement is in doubt.”
Britain, France and Germany all expressed concern to the council that lifting the arms embargo on Iran would have major implications for regional security and stability. However, they also said they would not back U.S. efforts to unilaterally trigger a return of all U.N. sanctions on Iran.
Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said: “The international community in general — and the U.N. Security Council in particular — are facing an important decision: Do we maintain respect for the rule of law, or do we return to the law of the jungle by surrendering to the whims of an outlaw bully?”